Kidney Stones (nephrolithiasis)

kidney Stones

Kidney stones are called nephrolithiasis in medical terms. This is one of the kidney problems in which hard salt stones are formed in human kidney. Kidney stones are sometimes called urinary stones. Kidney stone disease is fairly common but usually solves on its own. In the passing process these calcium stones are naturally excreted through the urinary tract. Passing kidney stones can be painful. If the stones are small then all you need to do to get rid of them is to drink a lot of water. Pain killers can usually help during the passing process.

Kidney Anatomy

There are two kidneys in the human body. They are paired. Kidney location is behind the T-12 L-3 Vertebrae. The left kidney is usually a little superior to the right in terms of placement. However structurally they are both the same.

Kidney Function

The kidneys serve an important function in the human body. Their functions include filtration and excretion of metabolic waste. These waste products include ammonium and urea. They also regulate necessary electrolytes and fluids. Kidneys also maintain the acid-base balance in the human body. Kidneys also stimulate the production of red blood cells. They also regulate blood pressure. Kidneys also maintain intervascular volume and control reabsorption of water. So, it is needless to say that human kidney plays a vital role. A healthy human body depends a great deal on healthy kidneys.

What Causes Kidney Stones?

Let’s discuss the causes in detail.

Not Enough Water

One of the biggest causes of this particular problem is not drinking enough water. Drinking a good amount of water can help you a ton of pain. It is really one of the best things for your body. Even if you are suffering from nephrolithiasis drinking a lot of water can help you. Water can help passing kidney stones.

Tips for drinking water
1. Drink water when you feel thirsty.
2. Drink water slowly.
3. Drink water sitting down. Because it puts less pressure on your kidneys.
4. Don’t overdo it.
5. Don’t get up and drink water immediately in the middle of the night.

Excess of Calcium rich foods

Kidney stones are essentially made of calcium. Calcium is good for our body especially the bones. However excess of everything is bad. Keep your meals in check. Foods like eggs, fish, red meat if taken in excess are some of the foods that cause kidney stones.

Junk Food

The biggest problem with junk food is that you don’t really know what you are eating. I have personally found that the people who eat junk food in excess don’t really care about it either. They are either too lazy or hate their body. Junk foods are at the top of the list for foods that can cause kidney stones.

It is important to remember that we are given this one body and we have to spend our entire life in it. So, it is important to take care of our body. We should keep an eye on the fuel we put in our body. This can save us you a lot of grief, kidney pain and regret.

Kidney Stone Symptoms

Kidney stones can cause severe kidney pain. Human kidneys are a delicate organ and should be taken care of. If kidney stone diagnosis is done earlier than this disorder can be easily handled. However if delayed than it can cause swollen kidney, kidney infection and various other problems. Earlier diagnosis can save you some serious pain. So, you should know how to diagnose kidney stones. Look for the signs and symptoms of kidney stones and contact a professional accordingly.

“Healthline.com” have compiled a detailed report on the symptoms.
Following are some of the symptoms of kidney stones.

  1. Burning during urination.
  2. Pain during urination.
  3. Blood in urine.
  4. A small amount of urine at a time.
  5. Urgent and frequent need to go.
  6. Nausea.
  7. Vomiting.
  8. Fever and chills.
  9. Cloudy or smelly urine.
  10. Severe pain in the back, belly or side

Some of the symptoms of kidney stones are more obvious than others. Burning and pain during urine, blood in the urine are better signs of kidney stone infection. Kidney stone symptoms in females and males are usually the same.

Kidney Stone Pain Location

Kidney stone pain location is usually in the back, belly or side. The following picture will help illustrate the pain areas.

Kidney Stone Pain Location
Kidney Stone Pain Location

Treatment of Kidney Stones

There are a lot of ways in which you can treat this condition. However, if you are suffering from severe pain than you should immediately seek medical help. Let’s discuss some of the treatments in detail.

Home remedies for kidney stone

  1. Drink water
  2. In Asian countries it is believed that Basil Leaves can treat kidney stones
  3. Lemon juice can help treat kidney stones
  4. Kidney Beans

There are a lot of other home remedies but it is always good to consult a physician in case you are having severe pain. Basically, water in any form can help with the treatment. So drink a lot of water. It can increase your chance of passing. Medical News Today has compiled a comprehensive list with a ton of details about home remedies so you can check it here.

How to prevent kidney Stones

As I always say, precaution is better than medicine. In this case it cannot be truer. Healthy food and enough water can keep you healthy. It can also save you form a lot of pain. Following are some of the ways you can prevent kidney stones.

Balanced Diet

A healthy and balanced diet will not only prevent kidney stones but also keep you healthy and energetic. It is always a good idea to keep your diet balanced. Keep a check on the amount of eggs or calcium rich foods you consume on daily basis. One egg a day is good for health. Eating too much can cause a lot of problems. Similarly keep a check on the amount of meat you consume.

Drinking water whenever your body craves it.

Our body is a wonderful machine. It knows when it needs something. If you feel thirsty, it is a good time to drink some water. Also remember to drink water while sitting down. It has a lot of benefits. However, when we are sleeping our kidneys are in hibernation mode. They are essentially working less to save energy. When we drink water in the middle of night. Our kidneys have to reactivate. This makes them work while we are sleeping. It can make you feel tired the following day.

Don’t hold it in. If you feel the need pee, go.

Holding it in can severely damage our body. It is always a great idea to just go when your body tells you to go. Also remember to pee sitting down. There are a ton of benefits of this. To know about them in detail click here.

Using Lemon juice in the morning.

Lemon juice is incredibly healthy. It is a natural remedy for dehydration. It can activate our internal organs when we take it in the morning. It can keep us fresh during the day. Lemon juice is also very healthy for our skin. There a lot of other benefits of lemon juice.

It is always better to live a healthy life. Exercise is helpful for our body. It keeps us fresh and our organs working properly. I am always looking forward to your comments. It feels like an occasion when I get a comment. So, guys please share your views with me. Take care

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