Endocrine System Diseases, Causes, prevention and cure

Endocrine System Functions

The endocrine system is a network of glands that produce hormones that control many body functions. Functions like your body’s ability that changes calories into energy that powers the cells and organs. The endocrine system controls how your heart will beat and how your bones and tissues grow. It will decide whether or not your body will develop diseases like diabetes, thyroid disorders, growth disorders, sexual dysfunction, and other hormone-related disorders. It is important to keep your endocrine glands healthy because hormonal imbalance can be catastrophic.

Endocrine System Glands
Glands in the Endocrine System

Endocrine disorders

Endocrine disorders are actually endocrine diseases which are caused by the deficiency of hormone production by the endocrine system. There are many endocrine diseases among them, few as follows.


Acromegaly is a growth disorder caused by too much growth hormone production by pituitary glands leading to excessive growth.

Addisons disease

Addisons disease is also an endocrine disease or disorder which is caused due to less production of hormone by adrenal glands. The Symptoms include weakness, fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, weight loss, darkened skin, salt craving, dizziness, and depression.

Adrenal Cancer

Like other endocrine diseases, Adrenal cancer also falls in endocrine disorders. It produces tumors which grow year by year. Its symptoms are abdominal pain and flank.


Diabetes comes in the category of endocrine disorders in which type 1 diabetes is prominent. The insulin of our body is not produced by the pancreas. Insulin controls blood sugar naturally. In type 2 diabetes patients liver is not capable of absorbing the excess insulin produced by the pancreas.

Thyroid Disease

Thyroid Gland in Endocrine System
Thyroid Disease due to endocrine System Disorder

Another endocrine disease is goiter in which the thyroid gland becomes abnormally large due to overactive or underactive thyroid glands. The symptoms are the deficiency of iodine in your body.

Grave Disease

The grave disease also can be explained with reference to endocrine diseases as it causes the thyroid glands to produce too much hormone which also called hyperthyroidism.

Symptoms are

  1. Weight loss
  2. Anxiety
  3. Heat intolerance
  4. Sweating
  5. Chest pain
  6. Palpitation
  7. Shortness of breath
  8. Difficulty breathing
  9. Increase stool frequency
  10. Irregular menstrual periods
  11. Muscle weakness
  12. Difficult to control diabetes
  13. Goiter
  14. Prominent bulging eyes and vision problems.

Endocrine system disorders

Hypoparathyroidism also comes in endocrine system disorders. It is caused by parathyroid glands. These glands secrete low level of PTH hormone.

The symptoms are

  1. Low levels of calcium in the body
  2. Tingling in lips, hands, fingers, and toes
  3. Dental malformation
  4. Dry hair, dry skin
  5. Brittle nails
  6. Thinning hair
  7. Cataracts
  8. Headache
  9. Memory loss
  10. Twitching
  11. Muscle cramp
  12. Pain in legs, feet or hands
  13. Impaired kidney function
  14. Yeast infection
  15. Mental retardation.

Turner Syndrome

Turner syndrome is also caused by the endocrine system disorders or diseases in which the person lack one of the female sex chromosomes that causes the range of complications including stunt growth and development. More chances of heart problems and kidney malfunctions can also be caused.

  1. The symptoms of which are low-set ears
  2. Neck hair that extended down toward the shoulders
  3. Excess skin on the neck
  4. Droopy eyes
  5. Fingernails and toenails that slant slightly upwards
  6. Flat feet and increased angulations at the elbow.


Thyroiditis is another endocrine system disease that is caused when the immune cells attack the thyroid glands instead of protecting them. This leads the thyroid glands unable to produces the hormone. So, this condition can also cause a wide range of problems.


Endocrine System consists of some of the most important organs in the body. These organs control some of the most important functions and hence they should be properly taken care. Furthermore, hormonal Imbalances can cause excessive facial hair in women. To learn more about cure and prevention please click here.

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